Martha Mcchesney berry
Educator. Founder of Berry College.
1992 Inductee, Georgia Women of Achievement
"Not to be ministered unto, but to minister."
- Martha McChesney Berry
October 7, 1866
February 27, 1942
City, Town, Region
Martha McChesney Berry was a rare combination of opposites. Born in 1866 into an affluent plantation family, she had access to wealth and social prestige but she devoted her life completely to providing educational opportunity in the midst of poverty in the Georgia mountains. Martha had the highest ideals while being very practical. In her educational program, mountain children could pay their own way through work. In this way, she attacked poverty through self-help, giving her students self-respect as well as an education.
In the 1890s, Martha returned home from finishing school in Boston. One Sunday afternoon while sitting in a log cabin where the books and toys from her childhood were kept, she was singing to herself some favorite hymns and noticed three little boys peeking in. Drawing the boys into the cabin, she read Bible stories to them. Without a Sunday school, church or public school to attend, the boys had wandered a long way over mountain roads to listen. Their fascination at the Bible stories inspired Martha to begin teaching. That inspiration lasted a lifetime.
Martha invited the boys to come back the following Sunday. The returned and brought many more children with them. Before long, Martha opened a Bible school in an abandoned church in Possum Trot. She soon realized that she must offer these children more than religious training and within a few years she was operating several schools in mountain communities where public education had not yet been established.
Martha came to believe that children needed more than just a few hours of instruction a week. In 1902 she dedicated her family inheritance - 83 acres of land - as the site of a boys' industrial school. The school was a self-supporting farm where boys paid their way through construction work. In 1909, Martha opened a similar girl's school, with a dormitory built by the boys. In 1926, she established Berry Junior College which in 1930 expanded into a four-year college. The high schools were closed after Berry's death in 1942.
As the schools grew, Martha worked tirelessly to raise an endowment. Her unique blend of idealism and practicality enabled her to win support from prominent individuals such as Henry Ford, Andrew Carnegie, Thomas Edison and Theodore Roosevelt. As a result, the property of the college grew to more than 25,000 acres of farmland and pine forest. Students were taught forestry, conservation and advanced farming methods, along with traditional arts and sciences. They graduated with job-training and life-support skills and with the self-respect of people who have earned their way.
Martha Berry died in 1942 but her mission of study, work and worship lives on in the college that bears her name in Mt. Berry, Georgia. Her modest school has grown to become a nationally recognized liberal arts college, which today remains dedicated to academic achievement, religious values and practical work experience in an environment of natural beauty.
Although she was never a college student, Berry was awarded honorary doctorates by eight colleges and universities: Bates College in Maine, Berry College, Duke University in North Carolina, Oberlin College in Ohio, Oglethorpe University, the University of Georgia, the University of North Carolina and the University of Wisconsin.
During her lifetime she also received honors from the Georgia General Assembly, the (Theodore) Roosevelt Memorial Association, Pictorial Review, the Colonial Dames of America, Variety Clubs of America, American Institute of Social Sciences, and numerous others. She was appointed to the initial Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia and was chosen in a Good Housekeeping magazine contest as one of America's 12 greatest women.
After her death, Berry's gravesite near the Berry College Chapel was marked by the Atlanta Gas Light Award. Her portrait was hung in the Georgia Capitol's Gallery of Distinguished Georgians and she was selected for the Georgia Agriculture Hall of Fame at the University of Georgia.